Dale S. Snead M.D.
Study finds young men most at risk
According to a study that appeared in March 2010 in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, the majority of all shoulder dislocations occur during sports activities, and young men are at the highest risk.
In fact, this study found that of all dislocations, 71.8 percent were in men; 46.8 percent were in patients between 15-29 years old; and 48.3 percent occurred during sports or recreation.
I’ve noticed similar trends in my practice and often find myself educating patients about the signs of a dislocated shoulder.
Although individuals experience a variety of symptoms, the most common indications include significant pain in the upper arm, swelling, numbness, weakness and bruising. The shoulder can also appear out of place or may appear deformed. The most severe shoulder dislocation injuries may even involve torn ligaments or tendons, which can be extremely painful.
Depending on the severity of the dislocation, treatment options will vary. In general, treatment usually involves an orthopedic surgeon manipulating the arm bone and placing it back in the shoulder socket. This should stop the pain and allow for the injured tissue to heal. However, if the injury is more extensive and involves severely torn ligaments and tendons, surgery may be necessary.
I advise my patients to see an orthopedic surgeon right away if they notice any symptoms related to a dislocated shoulder. An orthopedic shoulder specialist will be able to diagnosis the injury and identify the best possible treatment option.
*Source: The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS)